Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning

Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning
Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning

This topic is interesting because it is not easy to find evidence explaining exactly what Behaviorism and social Learning is and its applications. This subject must be divided into various theories or applications to be understood. It is important for me to master this topic because in future I will be dealing with how human beings behave. I do not want to conclude that human being behaves in a certain way because they decide to, I would wish to understand why a person acts in a certain way and how to make them behave the way I want.

Woodward, W. R. (1982). The” discovery” of social behaviorism and social learning theory, 1870–1980. American Psychologist, 37(4), 396. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/William_Woodward2/publication/232580920_The_discovery_of_social_behaviorism_and_social_learning_theory_1870-1980/links/54d17ff10cf25ba0f04153de.pdf

            The author of this article, Woodward explained the origin of social behaviorism and social learning and how they evolved to what is taught today. According to the author, there have been three generations of social behaviorism the first starting from 1900-1930, the second 1930-1960 and the last 1960-1980s. These generations disagreed whether one, two, or three factors are obligatory to encompass social activity.

He claimed that since there are many views concerning social behaviorism, the important issue is determining exactly what is social behaviorism. There are many themes to be used the first being self-reinforcement because it has had a distinguished heritage in the new psychoanalysis and psychology. He concluded that both the situationist and the trait positions are misleading and inaccurate.

Golden, J. A. (2007). The Etiology and Treatment of Significant Societal Problems: Behaviorists Diving into Murky Waters with Strangers

            The author of the article started by correcting other behaviorists claiming that they remain loyal to the ancient principles of operant conditioning making them restrict the populations they are treating to people with developmental and autism disabilities which is wrong. Instead, he explained how the principles could be used perfectly to analyze therapeutically and understand approaches to different populations.

The following are the various reasons why behaviorists more regularly deal with people with DD/AUT than those with other types of problems or disorders which the author outlined. The first one is because it is easier study the inner world of a patient. The second is because it is easier to control and identify punishers and reinforcers. Finally, it is because there are limited environments and there is a narrow network of negative influences.

Kranke, D., Brown, J. L., Atia, M., & Knotts, G. (2015). A Pedagogical Approach to Engaging Social Work Students in Research. Social Work Education, 34(7), 895-901. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02615479.2015.1065810  

            The above article was written by various authors all of them using Bandura’s social learning theory to come up with a successful framework that could be used by universities and colleges in engaging new students in the content of research classes. According to the authors of this article claim that the attitude students have towards first-year research, varies from dread to anxiety to reluctance.

Some students fear research courses while at the first year and it becomes hard for them to love or put some effort in this course while others do not recognize the value of research until later in life after college when they need it for their professional or personal lives. The article offers a solution to be used by academic institutions to engage new students in research courses making them love it, and it is by using applied pragmatic approach combines with components of SLT.

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Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning
Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning

Akella, D., & Jordan, M. (2014). Impact of social and cultural factors on teenage pregnancy. Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 8(1), 3. https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/jhdrp/vol8/iss1/3/  

            The authors of this article examined the causes of high rates of childbirth among American teenagers claiming that their motivation is the fact that among the leading industrialized nations, United States has the highest number of teenage pregnancy. Together with the study, the authors used Bandura’s Social Learning Theory to analyze the factors that manipulate and influence United States’ teenagers’ overall behavior that make them enter motherhood at a very early age.

The study of pregnant teenagers was collaborated with a local non-profit community agency by the authors using phenomenological analysis to ensure a better quality of empirical data. The main reason that the authors claimed that it needed more research than the others is the factors that lead to repeated teenage pregnancies.

Yilmaz, K. (2011). The cognitive perspective on learning: Its theoretical underpinnings and implications for classroom practices. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues, and Ideas, 84(5), 204-212. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00098655.2011.568989

            Yilmaz, the author of this article also explained the better ways of ensuring or attaining effective teaching. He claimed that to attain effective teaching, learning theories are essential because they highlight the various aspects of the learning process. The author categorizes the spectrum of learning theories into three groups namely; constructivism, cognitivism, and behaviorism. It is evident that a teacher with familiarity with subject matter and syllabus will not have the needed skills to offer effective teaching practices. Teachers should have a strong command of theories and understand how to apply them in teaching to be effective. HIRE WRITERS ONLINE.

Traditional Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Social Learning        

To sum up, many theories have been used by various authors to explain this topic including Darwin’s theories, pre-Darwin’s theories, cognitive learning theories and behaviorists learning theories. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory has been used by almost all authors, and it claims that individuals learn from other individuals using imitation, modeling or observation. It has acted as a connection between cognitive and behaviorists theories simply because it combines motivation, memory, and attention.

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