Obesity is a disorder associated with the accumulation of excess fat. This accumulation increases the risk of developing health conditions such as heart problems, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Childhood or child obesity is a complicated health problem. Child obesity occurs when a child is way above the healthy or normal weight for their age and height. Causes of child obesity are the same as those of adults.
Child obesity is caused by genetics and behavior although it can also be influenced by their community. A child’s community has the potential to affect their ability to make healthy choices.
Child obesity in the United States has drastically increased in recent years. It is said that 10% of children between the age of 4-5 years are overweight. This is twice the figure 20 years ago. Child obesity is more common in girls than boys. Older preschoolers of 4-5 years are more affected by child obesity compared to the younger ones.
Chances of developing obesity increase as children grow. For children between 6 and 11 years, 1 in every five children is overweight. In the last 20 years, the number of obese children has increased by more than 50%.
The common cause of obesity in children is unhealthy eating patterns and lack of physical exercise. It is important to introduce healthy eating patterns and physical activities to children at a young age. Contact us today for top child obesity assignment help at acemywork.com.
Lack of balance between energy intake and energy output is commonly believed to be the main cause of obesity. Today, however, there is increasing proof that the genetic background of a person plays a major role in determining their risk of obesity.
Ongoing research has made a critical contribution to our understanding of factors related to obesity. Some of the risk factors for childhood obesity are physical activity, dietary intake, and sedentary behavior.
The impact of these factors is also controlled by gender and age. The lifestyles of parents and their parenting styles also play a role in child obesity. The following are the main factors proven to cause child obesity;
Genetics is a major factor in childhood obesity. Studies have proven that the chances of inheriting BMI are 25-40%. It is important to note that genetic susceptibility needs to be combined with other behavioral and environmental factors for it to affect weight.
Genetics are only responsible for less than 5% of obesity in children. It is not responsible for the drastic increase in obesity in children.
Health experts are studying basal metabolic rate as a probable cause of obesity. Basal metabolic rate can be defined as the energy used by the body for normal resting functions. BMI accounts for 60% of energy use in sedentary adults.
It is believed that people with lower BMI rates are often obese. Just like genetics, the chances of BMI being responsible for the increasing cases of obesity are very minimal.
Dietary factors have been thoroughly studied for their possible contribution to increasing cases of obesity. Some of the dietary beings looked at are the consumption of fast foods, snack foods, sugary beverages, and portion sizes.
In recent years, increased consumption of fast foods has been linked to obesity. Families with parents working away from home have the habit of purchasing fast foods. Most children prefer fast foods. On the other hand, parents view fast foods as an inexpensive and convenient alternative.
Most of the food sold at fast-food restaurants contains a lot of calories with minimal nutritional value. Although studies indicate that regular consumption of fast foods leads to weight gain, it is difficult to identify the relationship between obesity and fast foods.
As children grow, they inherit their parents’ and peers’ food preferences, intake, and the willingness to explore new foods. It is important to frequently expose children to healthy foods.
Inactivity is one of the factors significantly linked to obesity. Every hour of being idle increases the chances of obesity by 2%. Children and adolescents watch TV a lot nowadays. Increased idle time translates to reduced time spent in physical activities.
Research shows that as children spend a lot of time watching TV, they develop a habit of consuming foods frequently advertised most of which are salty snacks, sweets, sweetened beverages, and sweetened cereals.
There are several environmental factors that have limited the opportunity for physical activity. In recent years, the opportunities to engage in physical activity and safe environments have greatly reduced.
In the past, children used to ride their bicycles or walk when going to school. In the present day, however, that has changed since they are driven to school by their parents. This in itself has reduced the chances of children engaging in the physical activity of walking.
Socio-cultural activities also contribute to the development of obesity. Food is used as a way of socializing and as a reward in our communities. Using food in this manner can promote the development of unhealthy relationships with food which can result in increased chances of developing obesity.
Family factors are another reason for the increased cases of obesity in children. Food eaten by children is greatly influenced by the foods available in the house as well as the food preferences of members of the family.
Additionally, family mealtimes determine both the amounts and types of food consumed. Family habits whether sedentary or active can greatly influence the children. Research shows that households with single parents or overweight mothers are likely to have children who are obese.
Psychological factors associated with childhood obesity include the following;
Symptoms of Eating Disorders
Characteristics of eating disorders are more prevalent in the adolescent obese population and more so in girls. In children, eating-related pathology such as anorexia, impulse regulation, and Bulimia Nervosa are common in obese children and youth.
It has been proven that children who are obese suffered psychological impacts due to the status of their weight. Psychological consequences increase in the younger and female children.
Obesity in children can have both long-term and short-term consequences. Obesity in children affects the body in several ways. Obese children are more likely to;
Other risks that are related to obesity in children are;
Future health risks of obesity in children are;
It is possible to reduce the rate of child obesity if society chooses to focus and study the causes. Child obesity is brought about by different components. Some are more crucial than others.
Conducting a combination of physical activity and proper diet in our community and schools can be effective in reducing cases of obesity in children. Moreover, parents can easily create and promote healthier lifestyles and diets at home to help eradicate obesity in children.
Obesity problems can be avoided entirely if parents choose to enforce healthier lifestyles at home. It is evident that if children are taught about healthy eating habits, making the right nutritional choices, and exercising, it will extend to other areas of their lives. It will have a great influence on what children choose to consume at school and fast-food restaurants as well as for opting to be physically active.
If we focus on the causes of obesity in children, with time cases of child obesity will reduce giving rise to a healthier community.
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