Organic Versus Mechanistic Organization Structure Interview an employee at your university, such as a department head or secretary. Have the employee answer the following 13 questions about his or her job and organizational conditions. Then answer the same set of questions for a job that you have held. Disagree Strongly 1 2 3 4 5 Agree Strongly 1. Your work would be considered routine. 1 2 3 4 5 2. A clearly known way is established to do the major tasks that you encounter. 1 2 3 4 5 3. Your work has high variety and frequent exceptions. 1 2 3 4 5 4. Communications from above consist of information and advice rather than instructions and directions. 1 2 3 4 5 5. You have the support of peers and your supervisor to do your job well. 1 2 3 4 5 6. You seldom exchange ideas or information with people doing other kinds of jobs. 1 2 3 4 5 7. Decisions relevant to your work are made above you and passed down. 1 2 3 4 5 8. People at your level frequently have to figure out for themselves what their tasks are for each day. 1 2 3 4 5 9. Lines of authority are clear and precisely defined. 1 2 3 4 5 10. Leadership tends to be democratic rather than autocratic in style. 1 2 3 4 5 11. Job descriptions are written and up to date for each job. 1 2 3 4 5 12. People understand each other’s jobs and often do different tasks. 1 2 3 4 5 13. A manual of policies and procedures is available to use when a problem arises. 1 2 3 4 5 Scoring and Interpretation To obtain the total score, subtract the scores for questions 1, 2, 6, 7, 9, 11, and 13 from the number 6 and add up the adjusted scores. Total Score, Employee: ___________ Total Score, You: ___________ Compare the total score for a place that you have worked to the score of the university employee that you interviewed. A score of 52 or above suggests that you or the other respondent is working in an organic organization. The score reflects a loose, flexible structure that is often associated with uncertain environments and small-batch or service technology. People working in this structure feel empowered. Many organizations today are moving in the direction of flexible structures and empowerment. A score of 26 or below suggests a mechanistic structure. This structure uses traditional control and functional specialization, which often occurs in a certain environment, a stable organization, and routine or mass-production technology. People in this structure may feel controlled and constrained. Discuss the pros and cons of organic versus mechanistic structure. Does the structure of the employee that you interviewed fit the nature of the organization’s environment, strategic goals, and technology? How about the structure for your own workplace? How might you redesign the structure to make the work organization more effective? View Less >>
Routine work is a characteristic of a mechanistic structure where jobs are well-defined and there is limited uncertainty. Get solution

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