PHI103-Informal Logic Week 3 – Discussions-Ashford University
Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.
Understanding Fallacies [WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3]
Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapters 7 and 8 in your textbook, and read the standardized guidance (under the “Lectures” tab). In addition, to help you better to know the fallacies, watch the following videos (which are also embedded):
The “Red Herring” Fallacy (Links to an external site.)
The “Straw Man” Fallacy (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: Slippery Slope (Links to an external site.)
Cognitive Biases: What They Are, Why They’re Important (Links to an external site.)
The Ad Hominem Fallacy (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: Appeal to Popular Belief (Links to an external site.)
What Is a Fallacy? (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: Appeal to Authority (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: Begging the Question (Broad Sense) (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: Begging the Question (Narrow Sense) (Links to an external site.)
Fallacies: False Dilemma (Links to an external site.)
Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read Chapter 7 from our textbook. Based on the selected prompt, you may need to review one or more of the interactive modules below to better prepare for your discussion:
Buying a Car (Links to an external site.):
This scenario will introduce you to evaluating arguments.
The Parking Garage (Links to an external site.): This scenario will help you to examine your own biases and stereotypes.
The Graduate (Links to an external site.): This scenario will present several arguments and demonstrate how arguments appear in daily life and can be broken down into premise and conclusion form.
PHI103 Informal Fallacies (Links to an external site.): This practice activity will help you identify types of fallacies.
PHI103 Rhetorical Devices Knowledge Check (Links to an external site.): This practice activity will help in identifying rhetorical devices.
In addition to your original post, post a minimum of three responses for a total of at least four posts. At least two responses must be to your classmates; the third response could be to a classmate or your instructor. Be sure to post on three separate days throughout the week to promote further engagement and discussion. Each response should be a minimum of 75 words.
Reply to Week 3 – Discussion Forum
Once you learn the names of the major logical fallacies, you will probably start noticing them all over the place, including in advertisements, movies, TV shows, and everyday conversations. This can be both fascinating and frustrating, but it can certainly help you to avoid certain pitfalls in reasoning that are unfortunately very common. This exercise gives you a chance to practice identifying fallacies as they occur in daily life.
Prepare: Read through Chapter 7 of the course text, paying special attention to learning the names of common fallacies, biases, and rhetorical tricks.
Reflect: Search through common media sources looking for examples of fallacies. Some common places to find fallacies include advertisements, opinion pieces in news media, and arguments about politics, religion, and other controversial issues. You may also notice fallacies in your daily life.
Write: Present three distinct informal logical fallacies you have discovered in these types of sources or in your life. Make sure to identify the specific fallacy committed by each example. Explain how the fallacies were used and the context in which they occurred. Finally, explain how the person should have presented the argument in order to avoid committing this logical error.
Guided Response: Post a minimum of three responses, two of which must be to your classmates. The third response could be to a classmate or your instructor. Be sure to post on three separate days throughout the week to promote further engagement and discussion. Each response should be a minimum 75 of words.
Read the fallacies presented by your classmates and analyze the reasoning that they have presented. Respond in a way that furthers the discussion. For example, you might comment on any of the following types of questions: Have ever seen or fallen for similar fallacies in your own life? Are any of the cases presented also instances of some other type of fallacy? Is there a sense in which the reasoning might not be fallacious in some cases? What can people do to avoid falling for such fallacies in the future?