Hypertensive Disorders Causes Best Writers

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is the synonym for high blood pressure. A person with hypertension is likely to develop severe health conditions. Hypertension also increases the risk of developing stroke, heart attack, aneurysm, heart failure and may lead to death.

Hypertensive Disorders Causes Best Writers

Hypertensive Disorders Causes Best Writers

Blood pressure can be defined as the force exerted by blood as it circulates against the walls of arteries. Arteries are the major blood vessels in the human body. When the blood pressure is too high, it is referred to as hypertension.

In writing, blood pressure is denoted as two numbers. The first number is the blood pressure in blood vessels when the heart beats or contracts. The second number represents the pressure in blood vessels between beats when the heart is resting. It is important to manage blood pressure to preserve health and limit the risk of developing dangerous health conditions.

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What are the risk factors for Hypertension?

Hypertension risk factors that can be modified include physical inactivity, being obese or overweight, an unhealthy diet, and consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Non-modifiable risk factors are co-existing diseases such as kidney disease and diabetes, a family history of hypertension, and is above the age of 65 years.

Common symptoms of Hypertensive Disorders

Hypertension is a silent killer. People suffering from hypertension are usually unaware of the problem since it does not have any warning symptoms or signs. It is for this that reason people should have their blood pressure checked.

Symptoms of hypertension include nose bleeding, changes in vision, headaches early in the morning, buzzing in the ears, and irregular heart rhythms. Severe symptoms of hypertension can lead to nausea, fatigue, vomiting, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors.

Detection of hypertension can only be done by a health professional. Measurement of blood pressure is usually painless and quick. People can easily measure their blood pressure using an automated device. However, it is advisable to be evaluated by a health professional so that they can assess the risks and conditions associated with hypertension.

The cause of hypertension is not known most of the time. In most cases, hypertension occurs as a result of another underlying condition.

Causes of Hypertension

There are two types of hypertension. They are:

  • Primary (essential) Hypertension – in most adults, the cause of blood pressure cannot be identified. This type of blood pressure usually develops slowly over several years. Primary hypertension is usually not a result of other medical diseases or conditions. Primary hypertension occurs as a result of smoking, high intake of salt, having obesity, insulin resistance, excessive consumption of alcohol, and being physically inactive
  • Secondary Hypertension – several adults have high blood pressure as a result of other underlying conditions. Secondary hypertension usually appears suddenly and tends to cause higher blood pressure compared to primary hypertension. There are specific causes of secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is usually a result of other health problems. Additionally, some medications and conditions can cause secondary hypertension. They include:
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Kidney disease
  • Being obese
  • Pregnancy
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Thyroid problems
  • Defects you are born with
  • Illegal drugs such as cocaine
  • Certain medications such as birth control pills, decongestants, cold remedies, and over-the-counter relievers.

Complications of Hypertension

The excessive pressure that comes with high blood pressure can easily damage blood vessels and organs. The higher the blood pressure and the longer it remains uncontrolled the more the damage it is likely to cause.

High blood pressure that is not controlled can lead to:

  • Aneurysm – this happens when high blood pressure weakens blood vessels causing them to bulge to form an aneurysm. A ruptured aneurysm can be life-threatening.
  • Heart failure – high blood pressure means that the heart has to work harder to pump blood. This leads to the thickening of the walls of the pumping chambers of the heart. Thickened wall chambers may not be able to pump blood that is enough to meet the needs of the body which may eventually lead to heart failure.
  • Thickened, narrowed, or torn blood vessels in the eyes that can result in loss of vision
  • Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in the kidney can prevent them from functioning normally.
  • Metabolic syndrome – this is a group of disorders, particularly in the body’s metabolism. They include increased waist size, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high triglycerides, high insulin, and high blood pressure levels. These conditions can further lead to heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
  • Dementia – blocked or narrowed arteries limit the flow of blood to the brain leading to vascular dementia which is a type of dementia. It can be easily caused by a stroke that interferes with the flow of blood to the brain.
  • Trouble with understanding or memory – if high blood pressure is not controlled it can affect the ability of a person to think. Learn and remember. Memory trouble and difficulty in understanding concepts are more prevalent in people with hypertension.

Management and Treatment of Hypertension

The main treatment of hypertension is lifestyle adjustment. Key recommendations include:

  1. Exercising regularly – it is recommended for people with hypertension to engage in moderate-intensity aerobic exercises for at least 150 minutes every week or high-intensity exercise for 75 minutes per week. Strength training at least twice a week is also recommended. Activities suitable for people with high blood pressure include cycling, jogging, walking, and swimming.
  2. Stress reduction – it is important to manage stress or avoid it altogether to control blood pressure. Relaxation techniques that can help include yoga, warm baths, going on long walks, and meditation. Recreational drugs and alcohol should not be used to cope with stress as they can worsen already high blood pressure further complicating it. Smoking too increases blood pressure.
  3. Medication – some medications can be used to treat hypertension. Medication to be used depends on the person and any other underlying medical conditions they may be experiencing.
  4. Diet
  • Reducing salt intake – consuming a lot of sodium contributes to high blood pressure. People suffering from hypertension should consume 1500 mg or less of salt in a day.
  • Moderating consumption of alcohol-consuming moderate to excessive amounts of salt can lead to increased blood pressure.
  • Eating less fat and more fruits and vegetables – consumption of saturated fats should be reduced in people with high pressure or those who are vulnerable to it. People with high blood pressure are recommended to eat healthy foods such as nuts, whole grain and high fiber foods, fish rich in omega 3, a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products. skinless fish and poultry and non-tropical vegetable oils such as olive oil. Foods such as hydrogenated vegetable oils, animal fats, processed foods, and trans fats should be avoided.
  1. Managing body weight – excess body weight can cause hypertension. This can be illustrated through weight loss. A decrease in weight leads to decreased blood pressure because the heart does not have to strain to pump blood. Consuming a balanced diet as well as matching calorie intake to the person’s size, activity level, and sex can also help a lot.
  2. The DASH diet – DASH stands for dietary approaches to stop hypertension. The DASH diet is strongly recommended for people with hypertension. The dietary approaches for people with hypertension offer a balanced and flexible feeding plan. The DASH diet is believed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, lower high blood pressure, and improve the level of fats in the bloodstream.

Additional dietary recommendations such as the use of probiotic supplements for 8 weeks or more may help lower blood pressure.

Conclusion

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Hypertension occurs when a person’s blood pressure remains consistently high. Grade 1 hypertension can be defined as a consistent blood pressure reading of 140/90 mm Hg.

People with hypertension are recommended to keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mm Hg. High blood pressure or hypertension increases the chances of a person developing heart-related conditions such as stroke, heart attack, and heart disease.

Lifestyle factors and family history are the common causes of hypertension. Changes in activity and diet can go a long way in helping people with high blood pressure to maintain a healthy blood pressure level.

Additionally, doctors may recommend a mixture of medications to help manage the blood pressure of a person.

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