Gender bias in the nursing profession homework help

 

Gender bias refers to a situation whereby a person receives favors or special treatment based on their gender identity. Gender bias hinders the recruitment and retention of males into the profession. For many years, nursing has been presumed to be a women’s career, that is why there is a lot of bias against male trainees and workers. Nurse tutors or educators may also unknowingly perpetuate gender bias.

Gender bias in the nursing profession homework help

Gender bias in the nursing profession homework help

Who is a nurse?

A nurse is usually a caregiver for patients who helps them to manage their physical needs, prevent illness and treat their health conditions. To achieve all these, they monitor the patients from time to time while recording any relevant information to help them in treatment and decision-making.

Definition of a nursing career

 

Nursing is simply the glue that holds a patient’s healthcare journey together. Nurses work tirelessly to identify and protect the needs of the patient. Nursing is a highly specialized profession that has a reputation for compassion and dedication and is constantly evolving to address the needs of society.

The work of nurses

Nursing is a varied field and the responsibilities of nurses can range from making acute treatment decisions to providing inoculations in schools. Through long-term monitoring of patients’ behavior and knowledge-based expertise, nurses are in a better position to take an all-encompassing view of a patient’s well-being.

Nurses go through a rigorous program of extensive education and study after which they work directly with patients, institutions, families, and communities using the nursing core values stipulated in the nursing process.

Types of nurses

  • Registered nurses- they form the backbone of healthcare provision in the United States. These nurses provide critical care to the public whenever and wherever it is needed.

Their responsibilities include: performing physical exams and health histories before making crucial decisions, providing counseling and health promotion, administering drugs to patients together with other personalized interventions, they also coordinate care in collaboration with a wide array of healthcare professionals.

  • Advanced practice registered nurses

Advanced practice registered nurses hold at least a Master’s degree alongside the initial nursing education and licensing required for all registered nurses. Their responsibilities include: providing invaluable primary and preventive healthcare to the public. They also treat and diagnose diseases, advise the public on various health issues, help in managing chronic illnesses, and engage in education to remain at the forefront of technological, methodological, and other developments in the nursing career.

Their specialist roles include: certified registered nurse anesthetics administer more than 65 percent of all anesthetics, certified nurse-midwives provide gynecological and low-risk obstetrical care problems, those who are nurse practitioners prescribe medication, diagnose and treat minor illnesses and injuries.

  • Licensed Practical Nurses

They are also called licensed vocational nurses and they support the core healthcare teamwork under the supervision of a registered nurse, advanced practice registered nurses, or the MD. They ensure the well-being of patients by providing basic routine care throughout the whole pf the health care journey

Key responsibilities include: ensuring functions such as changing bandages and wound dressings, they ensure patients are comfortable, well-fed, and hydrated, administering medications in some settings and they also check for vital signs and looking for signs that indicate whether the health is improving or deteriorating.

The roles of a nurse

The very basic role of a nurse is to advocate and provide for individuals while supporting them through health and illness. The other responsibilities of a nurse include:

  • Collaborating with the other medical teams to plan for patient care
  • Recording patient’s medical history and symptoms
  • Provide support and advice to patients
  • Monitoring patient health and recording the signs
  • Educating patients about the management of illnesses
  • Administering medications and treatments to patients
  • Performing diagnostic tests on patients
  • Assisting the other healthcare teams in operating medical equipment
  • Advocating for the health and well-being of the patients both inpatient and outpatient

 

The nursing processes

 

All nurses utilize the same nursing processes irrespective of their fields or specialty. This includes a scientific method designed to deliver the very best in patient care, throughout the following steps:

  • Assessment- all nurses must assess patients on an in-depth physiological, social, and economic lifestyle basis.
  • Diagnosis- nurses have to make careful considerations of both physical symptoms and the patient’s behavior to form a correct diagnosis.
  • Planning/outcomes- nurses are required to use their expertise to set realistic goals for the patient’s recovery. These objectives are then monitored closely.
  • Implementation- through the careful and accurate implementation of the care plan nurses guarantee consistency of care for their patients while meticulously documenting their progress.
  • Evaluation- nurses perform a close analysis of the effectiveness of the care plan while studying patient response. The nurse then hones the plane to achieve the very best patient outcomes.

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causes of gender bias in nursing

 

Nursing is often perceived as a profession for women, that is why there is a lot of bias against their male counterparts which keeps them from advancing in their careers.  Employment discrimination usually comes in many ways but in the nursing career, it is normally based on gender. Causes of gender bias include:

  • Social isolation- it is whereby male nurses are not acknowledged as a vital part of nursing. This is usually perpetuated in classroom textbooks and also in the faculty whereby they refer to a nurse as a ‘she’.
  • Pay- both male and female nurses who are hired at the same time earn the same salary but as they advance in their career male nurses earn more based on the specialties they choose.
  • Retention- male nurses often leave the nursing field for different reasons one of them being higher pay. Due to bias, they leave the nursing field completely within four years of graduation. Perceptions- Nursing is generally perceived as a woman’s job because it requires a caring and nurturing personality. People also believe that men who go into a nursing career are gay.
  • Promotion- In nursing, men have a greater advantage when it comes to promotion into management and administrative positions. Male nurses are usually promoted into high-level positions even when they have less education or work experience than women in the same positions.
  • Job opportunities- male nurses have an easier time getting specialty nursing jobs that require physical energy such as mental health prefer males nurses to male nurses.

Examples of gender bias in healthcare

 

Gender bias is always present in all areas of the healthcare system, from the interactions between patients and doctors to the medical research departments and even the policies that govern it. Examples of gender bias include:

  • Disbelief in symptoms- stereotypes about gender in most cases affect how doctors treat illness and also how they approach their patients. For example, in most cases, doctors view women with chronic pain as emotional or hysterical, while men with chronic pain are seen to be brave or stoic. Due to disbelief in symptoms, doctors in most cases treat women’s pain as a product of a mental health condition rather than a physical condition.

In some other studies, it is said that dentists and physicians believed that women exaggerate their pain.

  • Workplace bullying, harassment, and discrimination- gender bias also leads to discrimination against health workers in healthcare facilities and institutions. In some healthcare facilities, healthcare professionals perpetuate age and gender-based harassment, discrimination, and salary inequity. These gender-based problems have diminished over time even though the participant’s levels and professional experience did not contribute to putting a stop to them.

 

This problem of gender-based bias and the culture of bullying and harassment towards women health care professionals and staff have been in existence.

  • Gaps in medical research- inequity in medical research has also been a contributing factor to gender bias in healthcare institutions. In the past, many scientists believed that men were the best subjects because they do not get pregnant nor do they have menstrual cycles. This makes it clear that most of their research revolved around male participation.

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challenges faced by male nurses in our homework help

 

Male nurses face some form of general intolerance and discrimination during their training and also at their workplaces. The following are some of the challenges male nurses face:

  • Prejudice at the workplace- Despite their level of expertise or academic qualification, male nurses face bias.  This is also contributed by the fact that male nurses are usually less in numbers than female nurses which creates a stressful environment for them.
  • Male nurses are perceived as less compassionate than female nurses- In this case, it is often assumed that what one male nurse can or cannot do reflects what all men can or cannot do. Male nurses are considered to be rough, irritated, and narrow-minded compared to their female counterparts which is not usually the case.
  • Male nurses are occasionally unwelcome in labor and delivery wards- In most cases, men are un-asked for the delivery department of hospitals. Some patients prefer being attended to by either female or male nurses due to religious or cultural factors. In other cases, male nurses are assumed that cannot care for a female patient without having sexual interests.

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How to attain gender equality in nursing

 

Increasing the number of men in the nursing profession is becoming difficult because of the perception that nursing is a female-only profession. The following measures can assist in creating equality in nursing:

  • Better public understanding- The public has seen nurses care for their patients whether in the ICU, general wards or ventilated patients in isolation.  This has therefore given them insight into science which can be a way of attracting more men and women into the profession.
  • Better recruitment- Both men and women enter into a nursing profession with the same needs. Therefore, we should do away with recruitment strategies that support the myths surrounding male nurses. retain more men in the nursing profession.
  • Confrontation of stereotypes- Stereotypical assumptions should be discouraged at societal and school levels. In career guidance and social media, men should be encouraged to enroll in nursing so that boys may get to know that nursing is a valid career option. The government and the society at large need to collaborate in robustly voicing objections to any outdated overtures that stereotype nursing as a career and the people within it.
  •  More financial investments- Nursing as a career should be accorded the status, pay, and benefits just like other science and technology professions. Nurses should be given adequate pay and provided with proper working conditions and opportunities for personal and professional advancement.
  • Continuing men’s long history in nursing- Men’s rich and varied history in nursing is somewhat lost due to the perception that women make better nurses than men. The consequences of the lack of men in the nursing profession can be attributed to male nurses themselves, the profession, and also to the patients that the nurses serve. To be able to increase men in the nursing profession, the government should keep highlighting men in their historical past.

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What are the effects of gender bias in nursing practice?

 

The overall effect of gender bias in healthcare is that people receive worse care than they should, which creates health inequality and sometimes loss of lives. The following are consequences of gender bias in healthcare:

  • Lack of women in leadership – In the nursing field, people view men as naturally better leaders than women. This explains why there are fewer women in leadership positions than men.
  • Delayed diagnosis- when nurses do not take a patient’s symptoms seriously, it can prevent a patient from receiving a proper diagnosis even for years. This can complicate the treatment process and the possibility of developing a severe illness.
  • Knowledge gaps- Lack of inclusivity during medical research can lead to gaps in knowledge. This means that some of the doctors and nurses know little or nothing about female, intersex, and transgender health more than male health.
  • Avoidance of medical care- Some people no longer trust medical professionals or medical institutions due to earlier negative experiences, hence causing them to avoid seeking necessary health care.
  • Inadequate symptom management- Sometimes medical professionals do not believe patients, which prevents people from getting an early diagnosis and symptom relief. Medical practitioners may dismiss the severity of chronic pain and may not provide women with pain medication.
  • Abuse. Neglect and death- Gender bias in medical institutions may increase the risk of death among patients. The belief that hearts attacks mainly occur in men may lead to ignorance of heart attack symptoms among women. This may lead to deaths among women with heart attacks.
  • Underrepresentation- Women are usually underrepresented in medical journals and leadership positions.

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What can be done to eliminate bias in healthcare?

 

Bias in healthcare can be avoided by adhering to nursing’s best practices which include:

  • Patient-centered care- patients have unique psychological needs that are as important as their clinical needs. Medical practitioners, therefore, need to listen carefully and respectfully to patients to understand their unique needs and preferences. They also need to develop care plans to meet all patient’s needs.
  • Therapeutic relationships- Nurses are encouraged to establish therapeutic with each of their patients. This brings about true caring for the patient. A caring therapeutic relationship helps medical practitioners get to know and understand their patient’s unique values, priorities, and challenges. This ensures a close relationship with the patients.
  • Culturally competent care- Patients have diverse ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, social-economic status, stigmatized diagnoses, etc. They are therefore entitled to receive medical care that is effective and respectful. Culturally competent care is culturally competent care.
  • Perspective-taking- these challenges medical practitioners to understand the needs and feelings of the patients. They also need to establish genuine interests in patients and ask them how they are faring and how their illness is affecting them and their families.
  • Individuation- This requires medical practitioners to listen carefully and respectfully to patients seeking to understand their feelings, values, preferences, and experiences.

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Conclusion:

 

Biases are from personal values and beliefs that influence nursing practice. Nurses need to be more attentive to how they are caring for the patients as bias can be done unconsciously. Acknowledgment, self-awareness, and education are needed to prevent bias and promote quality patient-centered care.

This should be an indication of how values and beliefs could lead to a negative patient outcome. Hence, nurses need to be more sensitive and become self-aware while caring for patients, to provide and promote quality patient-centered care.

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