Female Sexual Health Disorders Assignment Experts
It is common for women to experience sexual problems at any stage of life. 1 in 3 young and middle-aged women is likely to experience sexual problems. It is important to analyze both psychological and physical factors to understand the reason for sexual dysfunction.
Sexual dysfunction is a recurrent problem that is likely to affect the sex life of a person and may include sexual pain, orgasm, or sexual desire. Some sexual problems occur at some point in life while others occur throughout the life of a person.
Sexual response involves an interplay of relationships, beliefs, emotions, physiology, and experiences. Any disruption of any of these factors is likely to affect the sexual satisfaction, desire, and arousal of a person.
Symptoms of Female Sexual Health Disorders
Symptoms of sexual disorder depend on the type of sexual dysfunction. Examples of sexual dysfunctions include:
- Low sexual desire – this is the most common type of sexual dysfunction in women, it is characterized by lack of willingness to have sex and lack of sexual interest.
- Orgasmic disorder – women with this disorder experience persistent difficulty in achieving orgasm even after sufficient arousal and stimulation
- Sexual arousal disorder – people with this disorder do not struggle with the desire for sex but may have a hard time getting aroused, becoming aroused, or maintaining arousal.
- Sexual pain disorder – women with this disorder experience pain associated with vaginal contact or sexual stimulation.
Causes of female sexual health disorders
Sexual disorders occur when hormones are in flux mostly during menopause or after giving birth. Illnesses like diabetes, heart disease, blood vessel disease, or cancer are also likely to cause sexual disorders.
Sexual disorders are caused by several factors including;
- Physical – illnesses such as kidney failure, bladder problems, heart disease, cancer, and multiple sclerosis may cause sexual dysfunction. Chemotherapy drugs, blood pressure medications, antidepressants, and antihistamines may significantly reduce sexual desire and the ability of a person to achieve an orgasm.
- Psychological and social factors – mental conditions such as depression and anxiety if left untreated may cause or contribute to sexual dysfunction. In addition, people with a history of sexual abuse or long-term stress are likely to experience sexual dysfunction.
Additionally, being a new mother and worries associated with pregnancy may trigger sexual dysfunction. People who have long-term arguments with their partner on sex and other factors of their relationship may suffer from reduced sexual responsiveness.
- Hormonal – decreased levels of estrogen, especially after menopause can cause changes in the genital tissues and the sexual responsiveness of a person. Low estrogen levels reduce the amount of blood flowing to the pelvic area.
As a result, a person may need more time to get aroused as well as achieve an orgasm. The walls of the vagina may also become less elastic and thinner.
As a result, a person may experience pain when having sexual intercourse which may lead to reduced sexual desire. Besides menopause, hormones may also reduce during breastfeeding and after giving birth and may cause vaginal dryness thereby reducing sexual desire.
Risk factors for female sexual health disorders
Factors that may increase a person’s risk of sexual dysfunction include:
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- A history of sexual abuse
- Emotional or psychological stress especially about one’s relationship with their partner
- Depression or anxiety
- Gynecological conditions such as infections, lichen sclerosis, or vulvovaginal atrophy.
- Neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury
- Medications such as high blood pressure medications and antidepressants.
Examples of sexual dysfunctions in women are:
- Reduced sex drive – women tend to experience low libido during pregnancy when they are stressed, and after giving birth.
Low sex drive can be caused by psychological and physical factors including:
- previous physical or mental trauma
- drug use
- excessive consumption of alcohol
- certain medications such as antidepressants
- hormone disorders such as overactive or underactive thyroid glands
- both type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Low sex drive may also occur due to reduced testosterone levels. Testosterone is the hormone produced in adrenal glands and ovaries removal of any of these may result in reduced levels of testosterone.
- Orgasm problems – orgasm problems can be divided into 2 types;
- primary orgasm problems – this is when a woman has never experienced an orgasm in her life.
- secondary orgasm – this is when a woman who has ever experienced an orgasm is not able to achieve one anymore.
some of the reasons why women are not able to achieve orgasm are:
- relationship problems
- previous traumatic sexual experience
- being unable to “let go”
- fear or lack of knowledge about sex
- not enough effective stimulation
- feeling stressed or depressed.
Women who experience orgasm problems can be helped through psychosexual therapy. psychosexual therapy involves exploring feelings about oneself, their relationship, and sex in general.
- Pain during sex – sexual pain can be divided into several types for example:
- Vaginismus – this is a cause of pain during sex that is known as dyspareunia. Vaginismus is when vaginal muscles go into spasms which make sexual intercourse painful or impossible. This may become distressing and frustrating.
This type of pain occurs if a woman has suffered vaginal trauma during birth, if they associate sex with being wrong or if they associate it with pain.
Pain during sex can be treated through counseling, vaginal dilators, and sex education.
- Sex after menopause – sex after menopause is mostly painful for most women due to reduced estrogen levels that cause the vagina to become dry. This interferes with the woman’s desire for sex.
- Female genital mutilation – female genital mutilation may result in a lack of sexual desire and pleasurable sensation.
Diagnosis of Sexual Dysfunction in Women
Women experiencing sexual dysfunction should talk to healthcare. A thorough evaluation of both the psychological and physical factors is done by a healthcare provider. A full health history is done.
Surgical procedures that may trigger sexual dysfunction include oophorectomy and hysterectomy. Other gynecological issues can be ruled out by performing a physical exam. they may include a pap smear and a pelvic exam.
For some women, imaging may be necessary. imaging tests help to check for cysts, tumors, and unusual. Hormone imbalances are diagnosed through blood tests. Infections can be tested through vaginal cultures.
During diagnosis, psychological causes should be analyzed. It is important to be open and transparent about the issues being faced to help the healthcare provider prescribe the best treatment. A healthcare provider may suggest that a person speaks to a relationship counselor or mental health professional.
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Management and treatment of female sexual dysfunction
Women need to collaborate with their healthcare providers to come up with a proper treatment plan. psychological and physical factors should be analyzed before a treatment plan is chosen.
Treatment for sexual dysfunction include;
- Counselling – counseling helps. women can discuss their psychological and emotional barriers and together come up with a therapy plan to help them enjoy sex. counseling may be done on a one-on-one basis or as couples counseling.
- Arousal techniques – it is important to discuss with one’s partner ways in which their sexual desire and arousal can be increased. It may be necessary to change the sexual routine and erotic materials such as sex toys and videos may need to be included. Masturbation and massage may also help.
- Medication – medication such as bremelanotide and flibanserin is used to treat hypoactive sexual desire which is also known as low sex drive in women. However, they are only used by women who are in perimenopause.
- Pain management – several approaches can be used to reduce sexual pain. For instance, a couple may try vaginal lubricators and vaginal relaxation techniques in addition to trying out different sexual positions.
- Hormone therapy – hormone therapies are prescribed depending on the symptoms of sexual dysfunction.
Prevention of Female Sexual Dysfunctions
There is no one particular way of preventing sexual dysfunctions. however, the risk of female sexual dysfunction can be reduced by:
- eating a balanced diet
- if you are having problems with your moods or having a hard time communicating with your partner you should seek the help of a professional health care provider.
- exercising regularly
- avoiding drugs and excessive consumption of alcohol
- maintaining a healthy weight.
- ensure you discuss sexual dysfunction risks associated with certain medical procedures and before trying out new medications.
Female sexual health dysfunctions are common in many women. Healthcare providers need to analyze the sexual, relationship, and medical history of a person for them to find out the actual cause of sexual dysfunction.
Sexual dysfunctions can be easily treated and women can be able to enjoy their sex lives. Sexual therapy that involves discussing your problem with your spouse or talking to a therapist is one of the ways sexual dysfunctions can be treated.
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