Critical Care Nursing Management Assignment Help

Critical care nurses offer medical care to patients who are critically ill, those in pre and postoperative medical settings, and those that are critically injured. The work of a critical care nurse revolves mostly around assessing risks and benefits of medical interventions, nursing patients, and offering life-saving treatment in emergencies.

Critical Care Nursing Management Assignment Help

Critical Care Nursing Management Assignment Help

Critical care nurses are assigned duties in various areas of the healthcare system such as the intensive care unit, coronary care units, burn units, hospices, nursing homes, telemetry units, and step-down units.

Job Description of a Critical Care Nurse

  • Coordinating with health care team members to plan, evaluate and implement care plans.
  • Preparing and administering prescribed medications.
  • Providing basic bedside care such as changing the dressing, helping patients to move, catheter care, and checking vital signs.
  • Monitoring patients for sudden or subtle changes in cardiac status, renal, and ventilation.
  • Reporting adverse reactions to medication or treatment.
  • Ordering, interpreting, and evaluating diagnostic tests to assess the condition of the patients
  • Identifying and alerting the rest of the critical team when a patient decompensates.
  • Initiating corrective action if a patient displays adverse symptoms.
  • Monitoring and adjusting specialized electronic equipment such as cardiac monitors, ventilators, respirators, and oxygen pumps.
  • Acting as a patient advocate by respecting the basic beliefs, rights, and values.
  • Communicating essential and appropriate information about a patient’s condition to family members
  • Offering comfort and end-of-life care.
  • Ordering, interpreting, and evaluating diagnostic tests to assess and identify the condition of the patient
  • Carefully observing and documenting medical information of the patient’s vitals
  • Documenting assessment finding and medical history of the patient
  • Documenting treatment plans, outcomes, interventions, and treatment plans for patients
  • modifying treatment plans for patients according to their conditions and response
  • monitoring the patient’s fluid intake and output to detect problems such as fluid and electrolyte imbalances.
  • monitoring critical patients for changes in status and indications of shock or sepsis and start the appropriate interventions
  • monitoring all aspects of patient care including physical activity and diet
  • identifying patients at risk of complications as a result of their nutritional status
  • ensuring equipment and devices are well stored after use
  • providing education and support to the families of patients
  • directing and supervising less-skilled nursing and healthcare personnel or supervising a particular unit on one shift.
  • treating wounds and offering advanced life support
  • identifying malfunctioning devices or equipment

In summary, the work of a critical care nurse revolves around maintaining the life support of critically ill patients who have undergone surgery or have severe injuries or those suffering from life-threatening conditions.

In addition, they perform intensive medical interventions. Critical care nurses can identify subtle and sudden changes in the condition of a patient and as a result, give emergency care.

Critically ill patients unlike other patients require round-the-clock monitoring and more frequent nursing assessment since their conditions can change suddenly and with no warning signs.

Critical care nurses are usually assigned one or two patients at a go because critically ill patients need constant attention.

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Who needs critical care?

People/patients who require critical care include:

  • people who have sepsis
  • people with severe burns
  • COVID-19 patients
  • people with a heart attack
  • people with heart failure
  • respiratory failure patients
  • kidney failure patients
  • stroke patients
  • people with shock
  • people with serious infections
  • people bleeding severely
  • people with severe injuries such as victims of shootings and car crashes.

What Happens in a Critical Care Unit?

Several pieces of equipment are used in the critical care unit. they include:

  • dialysis machines for people with kidney failure.
  • breathing machines are also known as ventilators for patients with respiratory failure.
  • machines that check vital signs and display them on monitors
  • catheters that are used to get fluids into and out of the body
  • intravenous tubes to give patients medicines and food
  • feeding tubes that give nutritional support
  • tracheostomy tubes which are tubes that help with breathing
  • oxygen therapy to give patients extra oxygen to breathe in

All these machines help patients to stay alive but may increase the risk of infection. people in the critical care unit may not be able to talk therefore it is important to have prior directives in place.

This is very helpful especially when it comes to making decisions on matters such as end-of-life decisions.  Advance directives make it easier for family members and healthcare providers to make crucial decisions on behalf of the critically ill patient.

Critical care nurses also offer levels of care such as:

  • basic patient care – basic patient care is common and involves activities such as checking vitals, bandaging and cleaning wounds, bathing, and moving patients. however, these functions are assigned to the nurse’s aid or a patient care technician.
  • advanced nursing care – a critical care nurse does not only offer basic care but is also tasked with performing high technical patient assessments, administering extensive medication protocols, and implementing patient care plans that are usually complex. Advanced nursing care involves administering IV medications, monitoring renal and cardiac status, catheter care, providing supplemental oxygen, and tracking life support machines.

 

Key Skills in Critical Care Nursing

Some of the important skills needed by critical care nurses to carry out their duties effectively include:

  • Communication skills – critical care nurses frequently communicate with patients, family members of patients, doctors, and other healthcare members. Critical care nurses, therefore, need effective communication skills. Critical care nurses also keep and update patient data and reports as a way of communicating with other nurses on the condition of the patient.

Communication skills needed by critical care nurses are:

  1. non-verbal communication
  2. patient education skills
  • oral communication
  1. presentation skills
  2. active listening skills
  3. written communication
  • Interpersonal Skills – interpersonal skills are important when handling tasks related to patients and to be able to effectively communicate. Nurses who possess strong interpersonal skills can handle stressful situations in a better manner than those without. Additionally, they can effectively convey information.

Interpersonal skills needed by critical care nurses include stress management, patience, and listening skills. Patience is important when dealing with family members of patients who are often confused and scared and may demand information about their loved ones.

Patience helps nurses to remain calm in such scenarios so that they can effectively communicate and handle the situation. Listening skills are very important because most patients have a problem describing their symptoms.  A critical care nurse should be able to listen carefully and pick key cues to ensure they correctly diagnose and prescribe the right treatment.

  • Decision-making skills – critical care nurses are required to make several decisions daily, most of which play an important part in the recovery of the patient. Critical care nurses should prioritize patient care based on the needs of every patient and make informed decisions.

Strong decision-making skills help nurses to become better managers and leaders.

  • Problem-solving skills – problem-solving skills help critical care nurses to handle problems better and to come up with effective solutions.

Problem-solving skills needed by critical care nurses include:

  1. creativity
  2. research skills
  • dependability
  1. creativity
  2. active listening skills
  3. analysis
  • team-building skills
  • Observation Skills – observation skills help critical care nurses when monitoring the condition of patients and making conclusions from their observation. Critical care nurses need observation skills since most patients are too sick to explain how they feel.
  • Assessment Skills – an important part of critical care nursing is patient assessment. Some of the assessments done by critical care nurses include:
  1. analyzing the patient response to treatment
  2. measuring body temperature
  • collecting specimens
  1. taking blood pressure
  2. checking vital signs
  3. determining patient mobility
  • determining tissue viability
  • assessing patient nutrition and hydration conditions
  1. assessing pain levels and identifying pain signals
  • Clinical Skills – critical care nurses work with advanced machinery and equipment that help to provide effectively and quality patient care. Clinical care skills needed by critical care nurses include:
  1. icp monitoring
  2. central line insertion
  • care of patients receiving TPA and Streptokinase
  1. arrhythmia analysis
  2. sheath removal
  3. cardioversion and defibrillation
  • transducer set-up
  • Critical thinking skills – critical thinking skills are used when evaluating, synthesizing, and analyzing information related to the needs and status of patients. Critical thinking skills are important when there are no obvious answers to a particular situation.
  • Professionalism – critical care nurses should always behave professionally all the time even when faced with stressful and challenging situations.
  • Ethics – to be effective, the nurses need to have good ethics. they should provide care to all patients without discriminating. They should be sincere with patients and have the ability to differentiate between ethical and nonethical situations.

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Conclusion

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Critical Care Nursing Management Assignment Help

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