Cardiovascular risk reduction assignments help

Cardiovascular disease is a general term used to refer to the conditions affecting the heart and the blood vessels. It is usually associated with fatty deposits inside the arteries increasing the risk of blood clots. It can also include the damage of the arteries in some organs like the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.

Cardiovascular risk reduction assignments help

Cardiovascular risk reduction assignments help

What is cardiovascular risk reduction?

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are the habits, conditions, or behaviors that increase the chances of getting cardiovascular disease. Reduction of the risk of cardiovascular disease includes major risk factors like hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Early detection and proper management of these diseases can therefore help to lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

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Risk factors for cardiovascular disease as covered in our cardiovascular risk reduction assignment help

They can be divided into two:

  • Those that can be changed
  • Those that cannot be changed

Those that cannot be changed include:

  • Sex – the risk of cardiovascular disease affects some women differently from others due to different levels of estrogen levels. However, women with diabetes have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than men.
  • Age – the risk of getting heart disease increases as you age. Women with 55 years and above and men with 45 years and above are at a higher risk of getting cardiovascular disease.
  • Family history – In case you have had a close family member who had heart disease at an early age you are at risk of getting heart disease.
  • Race – some groups are at a higher risk of getting heart diseases than others. For example, East Asians have lower rates of getting heart diseases compared to South Asians, African Americans are at a higher risk of getting heart disease compared to white Americans.

Those that can be changed include:

  • Managing stress – it raises blood pressure which in turn can lead to a heart attack. Stress coping mechanisms such as overeating, taking alcohol, drugs, and smoking can be a trigger for heart disease. Instead focus on better ways of dealing with stress such as listening to music, exercising, and meditation.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight – being overweight increases the risk for heart disease. This is because it leads to high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and triglyceride levels which are also contributing factors to heart disease.
  • Quit smoking – it raises high blood pressure hence leading to heart attack and stroke.
  • Regular exercise – helps in lowering blood pressure, improves circulation, maintaining a healthy weight, and lowering cholesterol levels which lower the risk of heart disease.
  • Controlling blood pressure – high blood pressure is a major cause of heart disease. A regular checkup can help you maintain a proper blood pressure reading.
  • Healthy diet – avoid foods high in sodium and added sugars as they can lead to weight gain and high blood pressure. Instead, eat a lot of fruits and vegetables.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight- this helps to lower the risk of hypertension, diabetes, and other diseases which are also contributing factors to cardiovascular diseases.
  • Getting regular heart screenings can help detect early symptoms of cardiovascular disease which can lead to early management of the disease.

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What are the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases as covered in our cardiovascular risk reduction assignment help?

The symptoms of cardiovascular disease can vary depending on a specific condition like high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes which initially causes no symptoms at all.

Types of cardiovascular diseases and their symptoms

They include:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Heart valve disease
  • Disease of the heart muscle
  • Heart infection

 

Coronary artery disease (CAD)

The symptoms include:

  • Chest pain/ squeezing/ discomfort which may worsen with activity or emotional stress
  • Discomfort in the jaw, neck, left arm, lower back, or abdomen together with chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue and feeling weak

 

Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)

The symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Fainting or near fainting

Congenital heart disease (a condition that one is born with)

Symptoms include:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Rapid breathing
  • Swelling of the legs, tummy, and around the eyes
  • A blue tinge on the skin or lips
  • Tiredness and rapid breathing while the baby is feeding.

Heart valve disease

Symptoms include:

  • Chest pain.
  • Palpitations caused by irregular heartbeats.
  • Low or high blood pressure, depending on which valve disease is present.
  • Shortness of breath.

Heart infection

symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Weakness or fatigue.
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen.
  • Changes in your heart rhythm.
  • Dry or persistent cough.
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots.

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What are the complications related to cardiovascular disease?

They include:

  • Heart attack- It’s the most common heart disease also known as myocardial infarction. It occurs when oxygen supply to a heart muscle is cut off or reduced as a result of a blocked artery also known as atherosclerosis. The buildup of fat, cholesterol, or plaque in the arteries causes blood clots which can slow or block the blood flow causing a heart attack.
  • Stroke – It’s a heart disease that centers around blood flow. A stroke occurs due to problems with blood flow to the brain. Ischemic stroke occurs as a result of a blocked blood vessel that delivers blood and oxygen to the brain. Parts of the brain can get damaged or completely die off due to a lack of enough blood or oxygen if not treated quickly.
  • Heart failure- it is also known as congestive heart failure and refers to a situation whereby the heart is not pumping blood as well as it should. The heart still pumps the blood but not as efficiently as it should for the body to function properly.
  • Arrhythmia- refers to an abnormal rhythm of the heart, it can be too slow or too fast or at an irregular beat. The heart does not work as efficiently without a proper beat which causes the heart not to be able to pump enough blood and oxygen to deliver nutrients to other organs.
  • Heart valve complications- they include a wide range of abnormalities that cause the valves not to open up to allow enough blood flow through. Regurgitation is when the heart valves do not close properly, which allows blood to leak through.

What other factors can cause damage to the circulatory system?

Some common problems of the circulatory system include:

  • Aneurysm – is a weak spot in the wall of an artery that can rupture causing bleeding into the brain called a hemorrhagic stroke.

Atherosclerosis – is the narrowing of the arteries caused by plaque deposits that can block the artery supplying blood to the heart causing a heart attack.

  • Heart disease – caused by lack of blood supply to the heart because of narrowed arteries
  • High blood pressure – it damages the arteries by making them less elastic hence decreasing the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart causing heart disease.
  • Varicose veins – it causes wear and tears on the valves causing blood to flow backward into the veins where it collects instead of flowing to the heart.
  • Blood volume- changes in blood volume affects arterial pressure by changing cardiac output.
  • Exercise- exercise increases the blood flow hence improving circulation of blood in the body hence lowering the risk for cardiovascular disease.

Complications of heart disease include:

  • Heat failure- this is when the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. This condition can result from many forms of heart diseases like cardiomyopathy, heart infections, and other diseases. Heart failure can result from many forms of heart disease.
  • Heart attacka blood clot can cause blockage to a blood vessel that feeds the heart causing a heart attack. Heart attacks can damage part of the heart where the blockage has happened. The narrowing of blood vessels feeding the heart can also cause a heart attack.
  • Stroke- a stroke happens when a blood vessel taking blood to the artery is narrowed or when a blood clot blocks the artery that takes blood to the brain.
  • Aneurysm- it is a serious complication that occurs anywhere in the body. It is a bulge in the wall of the artery which causes serious life-threatening internal bleeding when it bursts.
  • When you develop peripheral artery disease- this disease usually causes the legs not to receive enough blood flow which causes symptoms like leg pain when walking. Narrowing of the arteries can also contribute to this condition.
  • cardiac arrest- It is the unexpected sudden loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness often caused by an arrhythmia resulting in sudden death.

Conclusion:

Cardiovascular disease can be prevented if we maintain healthy body weight with regular exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet. Regular checkups for high blood pressure and diabetes can help avert the risk for cardiovascular diseases while proper management of these diseases can help lower the risk of heart diseases.

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