Modern Neonatal Practices
What is Neonatal Care?
Neonatal care is the type of care given to a baby born prematurely or sick. This care is given in a neonatal unit. Neonatal units are parts of hospitals that offer care to babies born prematurely, at a low birth rate, and with a medical condition. Premature babies are babies born before a gestation of 37 weeks.
The term neonatal is used to refer to the first 28 days of the life of a newborn. In the United Kingdom, for instance, more than 100,000 babies are born either premature or ill and need neonatal care. Mothers whose babies are in neonatal care often go through a range of emotions that can be difficult to handle.
These emotions may be as a result of wondering why the baby was born ill or premature or wondering about the treatment they are receiving. Mothers need to stay in touch with the healthcare providers to learn more about the condition of their babies as well as their needs.
the World Health Organization has endorsed some cost-effective interventions for newborn babies and mothers. These interventions have resulted in several benefits, some of which last a lifetime.
- Immediate and thorough drying of newborns
- Exclusive breastfeeding
- Dignified and respectful care during childbirth
- Recognizing and treating infections
- Immediate skin to skin contact for newborn and mother
- Appropriately timed clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord
- Kangaroo mother care
Innovations in Medical Technology and NICU Equipment
Every year, neonatal nurses offer treatment and services to millions of women across the world. However, these services are not accessed by all expectant mothers. Neonatal nurses have therefore made steps to conduct interventions and offer treatment at the community level to avoid potential complications.
Mothers who give birth before the normal gestation period give birth to babies who are underweight and with health complications. However, not all premature babies develop complications.
Complications in premature babies often result in health problems that are both short-term and long-term. Health conditions may develop during birth or later on in the lifespan of the child.
Some of the complications that arise as a result of premature birth are breathing complications. Breathing complications are mostly a result of underdeveloped lungs and respiratory organs.
Another common condition is heart problems. Premature birth leads to bleeding in the brain tissue. Premature births may result in a condition whereby the bodies of newborns cannot compensate for normal heat loss.
Innovations in Neonatal Practices
Examples of innovations that help neonatal nurses in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that may arise are;
- Phototherapy – this is the most common treatment used by neonatal nurses to treat jaundice in newborns. Phototherapy involves placing the infant in an incubator and bathing them with fluorescent light. Phototherapy changes the infant’s bilirubin which they then excrete through urine and stool. Phototherapy is a safe procedure. During phototherapy, nurses will expose as much of the infant’s skin as possible. They protect the eyes, measure the bilirubin levels daily and make sure that the child maintains a proper diet. Another type of phototherapy treatment is the fiber-optic blanket or band. In this method, the infant is wrapped with this blanket or band in their home setting. It however takes longer than the fluorescent method.
- Artificial Womb – the artificial womb is a recent innovation used in the treatment of infants born prematurely. This has been tried with lambs born prematurely. The lambs developed well and some lived to their adulthood. This innovation is yet to be tried with human infants.
- Artificial Surfactant – through research, it was established that the lungs of premature infants do not produce any surfactant. Surfactant is a chemical compound that limits surface tension. Synthetic surfactant has been approved by the FDA to help prevent RDS in infants.
- Pea Pod – a pea pod is measurement apparatus that uses air displacement to measure the body mass of 2.5 to 17.5 infants.it is used for body mass assessment of infants. Currently, modern-day neonatal practitioners promote preventative education to expectant mothers to encourage them to live healthy lives. In addition, neonatal nurse practitioners can identify the genetic traits that are likely to lead to complications during birth. Future mothers worldwide need a consistent supply of qualified neonatal nurse practitioners to continue promoting wellness among newborns thereby leading the population towards healthy and satisfying lives.
- The heart rate observation system – the leading cause of mortality in premature infants is infection. Inventions in the neonatal intensive care unit have helped neonatal nurse practitioners to predict possible host infections well in advance. The heart rate observation system uses an algorithm to sense irregularities in the heartbeat that may be an indication of an oncoming infection which can be a health threat especially to infants weighing less than 3 pounds. Identifying subtle symptoms can be difficult but with the use of HeRO, neonatal nurse practitioners can intervene before an infection starts.
Challenges Facing Neonatal Nurses
One of the major challenges of being a neonatal nurse is keeping the professional boundary between themselves and the family. Newborns usually remain in the neonatal intensive care unit and nurses and their parents get to know each other.
Nurses need to learn how to be compassionate and caring while they maintain a professional relationship. Learning how to balance these aspects can be difficult for many nurses. Nurses who get close to babies who die often get affected by their death. They must learn how to show compassion while maintaining a distance.
Rewards of being a Neonatal Nurse
In as much as there are a lot of sad times and challenges, there are a lot of good times too. Some of the neonatal nurses say that nothing compares to the feeling of handing a premature infant to their mother, sometimes attached to a ventilator and helping them have some skin-to-skin moments.
Other emotional moments that are rewarding to nurses are when the faces of parents light up when they change their infant’s diaper for the first time and when they watch their curl their finger around theirs.
Some of these things are usually taken for granted if the baby is born healthy and not premature. In the world of premature and ill infants, these moments are of extreme importance and mean a lot to the parents and the nurses.
Concepts Covered in Modern Neonatal Practices at acemywork.com
Neonatal nursing care is focused on offering special facilities and services to newborn infants. Neonatal nursing care requires a high level of emotional strength and dedication since the role of the nurses is to care for newborn infants.
Nurses and students pursuing a course in neonatal practices find our modern neonatal practices help very useful. We offer our modern neonatal practices to relieve students and nurses of the stress that comes with working in a fast-paced environment.
Our modern neonatal practices experts help students to develop skills needed in both emergency and normal situations. They are experienced and are familiar with all the terms and concepts needed to help nursing students.
At acemywork.com, we cover modern neonatal practices to help nursing students prepare for all the possible conditions to offer the right amount of care. We help students to understand better the skills needed to stabilize premature and sick newborn infants.
Nursing students engage in the practical implementation of the concepts taught in the classroom. This keeps them busy throughout the year. With the help of our modern neonatal practices experts, students can get access to quality and error-free assignments and any other help they may require.
Before and after the birth of newborns, nurses are needed to offer a higher level of care. In our modern neonatal practices, we focus on the three types of care given. They are;
- Level 1- this level of care is specifically for healthy infants. Level 1 care is not in high demand since newborn babies and mothers are likely to stay in the same room after birth.
- Level 2 – nurses in level 2 are in high demand because both the sick and premature babies require constant attention and care.
- Level 3 – nurses are expected to constantly monitor severely ill or premature infants. They do so by checking their incubators and ventilators and caring for them to make sure they are responding well. In addition, they guide parents of these infants on how to properly care for them.
It is unfortunate that many babies still do not benefit from modern neonatal practices. Several newborns still get separated from their mothers even before they are breastfed. Some babies do not get to experience skin-to-skin contact. Additionally, a very small number of newborns get to receive kangaroo mother care which goes a long in saving lives.
A lot of health facilities are yet to be brought on board. The quality of modern neonatal practices achieved should be maintained and additional effort put to ensure these interventions reach every newborn and mother to give a healthy start to every child.
Click to Order