2022 Virology Assignment Help
What is Virology?
Virology is derived from the word virus. Virology is the study of viruses, their functions, their structures, classifications, effects and their growth. Virology also includes the study of virus-like agents and parasitic particles of the genetic material.
A major branch of virology is the classification of viruses. Viruses can be classified into 3 major categories. These include animal viruses, plant viruses and fungi viruses. Different types of diseases and flues are caused by viruses. Viruses are infectious agents that can multiply in living cells only.
Infection Structure and Classification in Virology Assignment
An important part of the study of virology is the characterization of infections. Viral infections can be classified by the order of the host cell they contaminate. Depending on the host cells, infections can be classified as creature infections, plant infections, contagious infections and bacteriophages.
Another order of classifying viral infections uses the geometrical state of their capsid or the infection’s structure for example, the nearness or nonappearance of a lipid envelope. Size of infections range from around 30nm to around 450 nm. This implies that a majority of the infections cannot be seen with a light magnifying lens.
The structure and shape of infections are examined with the use of an electron microscope, X-beam crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. The most generally used and utilized grouping framework recognizes infections depending on the sort of nucleic corrosive they use as hereditary material and the viral replication technique they use to urge cells to deliver more infections.
Going by the latter order of classification, infections can be classified into;
- RNA infections – these are subdivided into positive – sense single-stranded RNA infections, negative-sense single-stranded RNA infections and substantially less regular twofold stranded RNA infections.
- DNA infections – these are partitioned into twofold stranded DNA infections.
- Turn around translating infections, DNA infections, twofold stranded switch interpreting DNA infections and single- stranded invert deciphering RNA infections including retroviruses.
In addition to these infections, virologists also are concerned with the subviral particles and irresistible elements littler and less difficult than infections. These include;
- Viroid – these are bare roundabout RNA particles that contaminate plants.
- Prions – these are proteins that can exist in a neurotic compliance that prompts other prion particles to accept that equivalent conformation.
- Satellites – nucleic corrosive particles with or without a capsid that require an aide infection for disease and multiplication.
Taxa in virology are not really monophyletic. The transformative connections of different infections bunches remain distinct. There are three theories with respect to their starting point. These theories are;
- Infections originated from portable hereditary components of cells for example transposons, retrotransposons or plasmids that progressed toward becoming embodied in protein capsids, gained the capacity to break free from the host cell and contaminate different cells.
- Infections emerged from the non- living issue independently from yet in parallel to cells as self-recreating RNA ribozymes like viroids.
- Infections came from genome decrease from prior, abler cell life shapes that moved toward becoming parasites to have cells and, in this manner, lost the majority of their usefulness. Precedents of such modest parasitic prokaryotes are Nano archaea and Mycoplasma.
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Why is Virology Assignment Help important?
Viruses are infectious agents that have the ability to replicate and multiply in a living cell. Viruses mostly affect animals, plants and microorganisms. Virology is the study of the different aspects of viruses. Virology therefore is a sub topic of microbiology.
Virology which is the study of viruses involves studying different aspects of viruses such as, classification, structure, viral life cycle, diseases caused by viruses, methods and techniques to culture virus, viral escape mechanisms, the viral invading mechanisms, diagnostic methods of detecting the virus and the viral identification.
Viruses are known to cause a wide range of diseases whose severity range from mild to potentially fatal as seen in common cold and Acquired Immuno deficiency Syndrome respectively. The study of viruses is important because diseases caused by viruses are complicated and often at times are fatal with a high mortality rate.
The emergence of new viruses from time to time pose a great threat globally. It is important to note that large amounts of extensive research are done on virology and development of new strategies for preventing viral infections. However, diseases like AIDS and Hepatitis C have no licensed vaccines up to date mainly due to the complex diversity of the virus and their defense pattern against drugs.
A majority of viruses have error prone replication which therefore means new virions escape from the drug targets and cause a challenge to treatment which then leads to a treatment relapse. As a result, the study of virology is important in today’s world where new viruses emerge from time to time. Students having a hard time doing their virology assignments can reach us at acemywork.com for help with all their virology assignments.
Topics covered in Virology Assignment Help
Topics covered in viruses and virology include; Virus classification, Genome and structure of the viruses, Life properties, Viral life cycle, Genetic variations in the virus, The genome replication, different host range, Diseases caused by viruses, Epidemiology disease symptoms, Methods in diagnosing diseases, Life cycle of viruses, Molecular approaches to diagnosis, Viral evasions and escape mechanisms, vaccine strategies and proteomic approaches, drug resistance, therapeutic implications – drug targets, preventive measures for viral diseases, clinical trials and awareness programs.
Difficulties in Virology Assignment
Students studying virology face a wide range of difficulties when doing their virology assignment. These difficulties are;
- A majority of students have a problem handling classification questions.
- Students have to have an up-to-date knowledge of new and emerging viruses.
- Students who do not have microbiology as a subject often have difficulties answering questions.
- Treatment for some viral diseases like AIDS. Hepatitis B viral infection, Hepatitis C viral infection depends on the number of copies of virions circulating in a patient. Students therefore need real time PCR analysis to answer virology questions. Some students have problems answering the number of copies of virions.
- For students to accurately answer classification questions, they require an in-depth knowledge about classification of viruses, basis for their classification, the characteristic features of different viral divisions, subdivisions and classes.
Important tips to solve Virology Assignment questions
- Students should try to have a deep knowledge and understanding of the history of virology.
- It is important for students to read about the classification of viruses.
- Virology students should carefully read questions understand what the question requires understand what is asked in the question, and make a note of what they know that is needed in solving and answering the question.
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