ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY FOR 12 SEMINAL, RELEVANT AND CURRENT LITERATURE. The Annotated Bibliography for this unit is a critical bibliography (vs. descriptive) that contains summary of content and analysis/evaluation of the given source. You are asked to not only summarize, but also critique and reflect on the source as it relates to your research topic. This section must demonstrate the quality and depth of reading of the literature relevant to your research topic. To successfully complete this section, each student must engage in NOTE-TAKING as introduced in the class and through seminars. Suggested format below for each entry: COMPLETE BOTH NOTE-TAKING TABLE + ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY (as below) FOR ALL 12 REFERENCES NOTE-TAKING TABLE REFERENCE DETAILS: Author(s): Year of Publication: Title of Article, Book, or Chapter in Edited Book: Volume and Issue Number (Journals): Place of Publication (Book): Publisher (Book): Page Numbers (Journal and Edited Book Article): Number of Citations: “Significant quotes identifying key positions and issues…” (p. #) “Significant quotes identifying key positions and issues…” (p. #) “Significant quotes identifying key positions and issues…” (p. #) “Significant quotes identifying gap in knowledge/research opportunity…” (p. #) ADD MORE LINES AS REQUIRED Notes…. Why is this a seminal/important reference? Notes…. What do you think? Is these of interest to you in terms of a possible research topic? Notes… Why is this an important quote? Notes…. How does this reference locate a potential gap in knowledge or research opportunity for your thesis? ADD MORE NOTES AS REQUIRED ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY FULL BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION. [Example: Trevor, CO, Lansford, B & Black, JW 2004, ‘Employee turnover and job performance: monitoring the influences of salary growth and promotion’, Journal of Armchair Psychology, vol 113, no.1, pp. 56-64.] After providing the full bibliographic citation, write the annotated bibliography ENTRY which should contain the following elements*: 1. Introduction (b rief summary/overview of source ), 2. Aims and Research methods (if applicable) , 3. Content/ Scope of the literature/research , 4. U sefulness to your research/particular topic, 5. M ain argu ments, limitations, conclusions, 6. Expla n ation of how this work illuminates your topic and/or identifies a gap in knowledge/research opportunity. *Do NOT number these elements, rather each entry should be written in paragraph format, in full sentences, using academic vocabulary. A sample Annotated Bibliography Entry adequate for Master-level writing will be provided in class for your reference. It is important that each entry discuss the relevance and/or usefulness of the literature source for your own research. LENGTH: Approximately 100-150 words for EACH ENTRY SAMPLE MODEL ADAPTED FROM: X 12 SOURCES SECTION 1B. LITERATURE MAP From your understanding of the field, develop a ‘visual summary of the research’ (Literature Map) conducted by others of your research topic. The literature map should visually and graphically demonstrate comprehensive and analytical understanding of what has already been done relevant to your topic and field of study (use MINIMUM of 20 RELEVANT LITERATURE). It should also identify the research problem (gap in knowledge) that you will be addressing for the research proposal. It should visually present how your proposed research ‘fits-in’ the existing research context. Suggested Structure for Visual Literature Map  Remember, there are many possible ways of mapping the literature. Select one that is most appropriate and effective to visually identify the current literature and how your proposed research FITS IN the Literature map. SOME T I P S : • THIS MAP IS A VISUAL SUMMARY OF EXISTING LITERATURE ON YOUR RESEARCH TOPIC • FOCUS ON FINDING AND IDENTIFYING THEMES, TRENDS AND PATTERNS, LOOKING FOR GAPS AND FIGURING OUT HOW YOUR PROPOSED STUDY MAY ADD TO, OR EXTEND, THE EXISTING LITERATURE • USE NO FEWER THAN 20 RELEVANT REFERENCES GATHERED FROM THE LITERATURE SEARCH (ACTIVITY 2A) • THE VISUAL REPRESENTATION CAN TAKE DIFFERENT FORMS: A. HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE (TOP-DOWN OR BOTTOM-UP i.e. ANNOTATED KNOWLEDGE TREE) B. CHRONOLOGICAL (TIMELINE) C. THEMATIC (FLOWCHART, VENN DIAGRAM, NETWORK DIAGRAM) D. COMPARING + CONTRASTING (TABLE, MATRIX STRUCTURE) E. COMBINATIONS OF THE ABOVE WAYS OF MAPPING ** If using the Annotated Knowledge Tree approach (the lecture in Week 2 introduce other different possible ways of mapping the literature): a. TRUNK OF TREE – should belong to a particular discipline – (Planning, Landscape, Architecture, Construction) b. Annotated references for the knowledge field – General knowledge in that field c. Annotated references for the branch of knowledge – what are the key theories, key issues, key sources? d. Annotated reference for recent forefront research relevant to the topic – What are the debates in the field? e. Annotated references for focused topic – What are the significant research questions? f. Identification of research problem/gap in knowledge/opportunity for new research SECTION 2. SHORT LITERATURE REVIEW (750 words, essay format, no bullet points) The short literature review in total is not very long but needs to be written and crafted into a clear, relevant and comprehensive text. It should illustrate understanding of the existing body of knowledge/issues raised by the literature and the field – and as critically analysed through the visual literature map (i.e. annotated knowledge tree). It should also illustrate logic and reason in the development of the research question and provide justification through critical analysis and synthesis of the proposed research. Suggested Structure/Guide below: Guide to the process of developing a Literature Review:  Use the Annotated Bibliography (SECTION 1A) and Literature Map/Mind Map (SECTION 1B) to identify a MINIMUM OF TWO key themes, issues, ideas that cover the key points about your topic.  Structure your literature review according to these themes/issues/ideas, and follow through writing a review. It is important you provide a critical analysis of literature by explaining the authors’ concepts/theories/approaches, what they have stated, what they have argued, as well as noting the different perspectives.  CRITICAL ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESI S ARE KEY.  A literature review represents your understanding and command of the knowledge in the field, and your critical analysis of literature. THINGS TO AVOID IN A LITERATURE REVIEW: • AVOID THE TRAP OF WRITING A BOOK REPORT STYLE PARAGRAPH FOR EACH ARTICLE/SOURCE YOU FIND; • AVOID THEMES THAT FIT ONLY TO ONE SOURCE  NB Use ‘in text’ referencing using HARVARD STYLE and add the full reference under the REFERENCES section at the end of the assignment INTRODUCTION • Introduce the field of research and research topic • Locate seminal references, history of research activity, and the state of current knowledge and research activities (Main points that you have identified for the knowledge field of your research – includes key debates, theories, etc. that are contextual and specific knowledge related to your topic) ISSUE/THEME/IDEA A – IDENTIFIED IN THE LITERATURE RELEVANT TO YOUR TOPIC • Key points that are presented in the literature • Discussion of key points relevant to your topic ISSUE/THEME/IDEA B –IDENTIFIED IN THE LITERATURE RELEVANT TO YOUR TOPIC • Key points that are presented in the literature • Discussion of key points relevant to your topic *ADDITIONAL ISSUE/THEME/IDEA as appropriate CONCLUSION • Summary of findings • Gap in knowledge or new research opportunity  RESEARCH QUESTION  By reference to specific reference identify gap in knowledge or opportunity for NEW research. This might be: explicitly identified in a reference; and/or by using references you make the argument that new research is needed; and/or by comparing developments outside the field such as new technology or theory; and/or you ar
gue that replicating the research in a NEW context may “re-examine the findings of the original study and partly to examine the situation, both absolutely and comparatively, between the locations of the studies.” (Fellows & Liu, 2015) SECTION 3. RESEARCH QUESTION, AIM AND OBJECTIVES (300 words) Outline research question, aim(s) and objectives for research topic that address the gap in knowledge or research opportunity identified in the literature review (Section 2). Suggested Structure/Guide below:  RESEARCH QUESTION(S)  RESEARCH AIM: Explain the aim(s) of the research in paragraph format (approx. 150 words). What does the research seek to achieve or find out? Why is this necessary or useful for the field of research? REMEMBER: “The aim is about what you hope to do, your overall intention in the project. It signals what and/or where you aspire to be by the end. It’s what you want to know. It is the points of doing the research. An aim is therefore generally broad. It is ambitious, but not beyond possibility.” (Thomson 2014)  the WHAT  RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: Write a list of research objectives that articulate a sequence of research activities that address the aim of the research. What are the steps you will take to fulfill the aim(s) of the research? REMEMBER: “The objectives… are the specific steps you will take to achieve your aim. This is where you make the project tangible by saying how you are going to go about it. You have to make the objectives relatively precise. Objectives have to be practical, do-able and achievable … the objectives also act to project milestones.” (Thomson 2014)  the HOW View Less >>
From the past few years research influence on geopolymer concrete and process. There are new cement option available in area of construction with using fly-ash. Geopolymer was first invented as by-product of Geo-polymerization is reaction of aluminosolicate oxides with alkali polysilicates yielding polymeric Si-O-Al bonds. It seems to be good mechanical properties compare to current conventional cement concrete. Geopolymer can be produce by mixture of basic raw material which contain silica and alumina mineral composition. Get solution

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